Find Your Specialty: Different Types of NursesNursing is one of the fastest-growing occupations in the country. According to the U.S. Department of Labor’s Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), jobs for registered nurses will increase 16 percent by 2024.

Those who graduate with a degree in nursing will be entering a job market with plenty of employment options.

Types of Nurses

Nurse Case Manager

Nurse case managers coordinate long-term care and find efficient treatment for patients. They may specialize in providing case management for specific diseases or age groups. Nurse case managers work with insurance companies to ensure patients receive cost-effective treatment.

Nurse Anesthetist 

Nurse anesthetists are responsible for providing anesthesia to surgery patients. In addition, they manage patient care in the operating room and provide follow-up care for outpatient procedures.  Those who seek a career as a nurse anesthetist must earn at least a master’s degree. The BLS projects that openings for this job will rise 19 percent by 2024, much faster than the national average.

Emergency Room (ER) Nurse or Trauma Nurse

Trauma nurses work in time-critical environments such as ERs, emergent care centers, poison control centers, prisons and more. This is an area of specialized practice. These nurses are required to multitask, think quickly and maintain calm in chaotic situations. Besides obtaining a nursing degree, the Emergency Nurses Association suggests that successful ER nurses attend skill classes and gain experience in acute care facilities.

Travel Nurse

Employed by agencies, travel nurses are responsible for fulfilling the short-term staffing needs of hospitals, nursing homes, dialysis centers and other facilities. They are primarily hired because of seasonal needs, nursing shortages, facility growth and various other reasons, explains Modern Healthcare. Their work is inherently mobile, allowing them to accept temporary positions in both specific geographical regions and nationwide.

A Growing Demand for Nurses

A recent article in The Atlantic explained that America’s 3 million nurses make up the largest segment of the healthcare workforce. Despite this, demand for nurses is outpacing supply. About 1.2 million vacancies are estimated to emerge for registered nurses alone by 2022.

Baby boomers are the primary driving force for this trend, which The Atlantic calls a “looming crisis.” The problem is two-fold. First, boomers are part of the country’s aging workforce, including the aging nursing workforce. Second, more Americans are now over the age of 65 than at any other time in U.S. history. Between 2010 and 2030, it is estimated that the population of senior citizens will increase by 75 percent, or one of every five people. Retiring baby boomers will contribute to the nursing shortage at the same time demand for nursing care increases for baby boomer patients.

Another reason for the shortage of nurses is the rise of chronic illness in America. An estimated 80 percent of older adults have at least one chronic condition, while 68 percent have at least two, according to the National Council on Aging. Furthermore, chronic diseases are the leading cause of death and disability in the United States, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. In fact, about half of all adults have one or more chronic health conditions. Given all these factors, the current healthcare climate presents a truly unique challenge. Nurses who earn a Bachelor of Science in Nursing degree can help.

Husson University’s online RN to BSN program offers the flexibility busy professional nurses need to complete additional education and pursue career advancement. Husson has a long and distinguished tradition of academic excellence, educating nursing professionals for more than 100 years.